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Research paper : Application of laser Compton photon beam to nondestructive tests (H. TOYOKAWA)−96−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.8 No.2 (2015) main focus of the paper on the following point: “Basic research results of science and technology conducted by the research institutes are required to be closely bound to corporate activities in many cases. This type of research is “bridging research” or translational research. Bridging research is work whereby one’s concerns and thinking are organized and gradually shaped into a form that can be readily accepted by society.” In other words, I think you should make the “methodology of bridging research” as the main focus of the paper.By applying this methodology to the case of “high-energy photon beam generation technology and its application to nondestructive testing,” you would be able to organize the contents described in the first half of the paper to show how specifically you sought the landing points of the following issues.Technical level might be lowered if we easily compromised to produce the outcomes in a short time, or we may become isolated from society if we keep pursuing our own way.By applying this methodology to the case of “high-energy photon beam generation technology and its application to nondestructive testing,” why don’t you organize the contents described in the first half of the paper to show how specifically you sought the landing points of the following issues?Technical level might be lowered if we easily compromised to produce the outcomes in a short time, or we may become isolated from society if we keep pursuing our own way.Comment (Naoto Kobayashi)In the abstract it is written “a summary of the development process (by which a technology takes one form) is outlined,” and thinking that the “form” is “contribution to society” that is valuable for a Synthesiology paper, I think it is better to reorganize the paper with focus on “process” and “discussion.” In that sense, if the “bridging research” is set as a goal, I suggest you structure the paper as follows: the contents in chapters 6 and 7 should be presented as a scenario to achieve the goal; the “process” of selection and integration of individual LCS technologies should be described as the elemental technologies that comprise the scenario; and the discussion should be provided in the final chapter.Answer (Hiroyuki Toyokawa)Taking your advice into consideration, I totally changed the structure of the paper. The review of technology was kept to a minimum, and the number of chapters was reduced to four.Chapter 1 describes the background of research and the research disciplines that will be discussed in the paper. Chapter 2 explains the academic background and the process of research along with technological reviews. Chapter 3 presents the specific example of the process of selection and integration of technology. Also, I added Fig. 8 “Improvement of elemental technologies, elements that determine the performance index, and relationship of sophistication of devices and methods” that shows the overall goal and the structure of the technology to achieve the goal. Chapter 4 provides supplementary explanation to the facts presented in the previous chapter, and discusses the significance and positioning of the results. In this way, I attempted to expand this paper to the methodology of bridging research.However, the task of raising the paper to the level of methodology of bridging research is quite difficult. If I try to universalize the research to a methodology, it tends to get summarized into general terms. The essence of the problem is that the granularity of various information shifts when moving from a specific case to a general discussion, and I think this is exactly the difficulty of this paper.3 Reorganization of the paperComment (Shingo Ichimura)In the revised paper, chapters 3 and 4 describe the contents according to the topics numbered as follows:(1)Elemental technologies are developed (in this case five years; outside funds that allow basic research were used).(2)After demonstrating the principle, use research is started. At the same time, the device utility is sophisticated.(3)Use research is conducted smoothly.(4)Points of future developments for devices and technologies are organized.(5)Whether the research will be continued is determined considering the cost-effectiveness ratio and situations of the organization.(6)Technological development is started at once after the decision to continue is made.In the revised paper, overall (1) ~ (2) became chapter 3, while (3) ~ (6) became chapter 4. However, in terms of content, isn’t (1) ~ (4) the first phase of development, and (5) and (6) the following phase built upon the first phase? If this perspective is correct, I think you should reorganize chapters 3 and 4, and divide the topics to a chapter for (1) ~ (4) (title for chapter 3 can be left as is) and a chapter for (5) and (6). I think it will be easier to understand if you add subtitles corresponding to (1) ~ (6). Also, I think the readers will better understand if you provide some detailed explanation for the following points:A)Even if you select the method called the first-generation CT as “development of elemental technology,” there must have been some developed item that was highly original of the author. One will understand better if there is a specific description on such an item. It can be presented in a simple diagram.B)In the places that correspond to “sophistication of utility,” what was the subject of investigation, what was lacking, and what advancement did you make to solve the issue? I think you should give a more detailed explanation.C)In the essence part of the description for (5), I think you should add a bit more description on what decisions you made under what requirements (considerations), and how that led to the conclusion described. This will be useful in understanding the methodology of bridging research.Answer (Hiroyuki Toyokawa)I adjusted the whole structure of the paper based on your comments. Also, I have added, deleted, and moved explanations where appropriate. The details are provided in (1), (2), and (3) of chapter 3.

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