Vol.8 No.2 2015
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Research paper : Study of the top 70 NEDO Inside Products (M. YAMASHITA et al.)−77−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.8 No.2 (2015) which may represent an inaccurate overview of the project outcomes. Keeping this in mind, the products and the processes which meet the conditions below are subject to estimation.4.1 Requirements of products that are subject to estimation of induced economic effects (primary and secondary)In the fields of semiconductor, automobile, or energy, a number of NEDO project outcomes are incorporated into a range of materials, parts, manufacturing machines, as well as end products. On the other hand, technology/know-how by itself has limited effects on net sales. Thus, it is necessary to define the status of the technology/know-how in the sectors involved (e.g., parts, manufacturing machines/devices, end products, alternative products, etc.) in order to avoid the overlaps in the estimates of net sales and induced economic effects. To perform a series of calculations, 20 out of Top 70 NEDO Inside Products which meet the conditions below, are subject to induced economic effect estimations (i.e., the ripple effects on sales in other sectors found in the inter-industry relations table: see Table 4).• The product has recorded a certain sales volume (e.g., >10 billion yen per year)• The product has been disseminated and gained a degree of recognition in the market, and its economic effect is likely to increase• The product potentially creates new industries, or transforms into other innovative products/processes rather than simply add value to existing products/processes• The product has been statistically significant in the category to which the products/processes belong 4.2 Estimation of induced economic effectsThere is a range of products and processes that utilize NEDO project outcomes, and the same sales estimation method is not always appropriate for all the products. Therefore, for each product and process, we discussed the induced economic effects of specific kind crucial for our purpose, having studied the characteristics of NEDO Inside Products. Note:(1) The 2005 version of inter-industry relations tables (108 sectors across Japan) are used for the estimation with no adjustment to the figures provided.(2) Difference between parts/materials and manufacturing machines;In semiconductor production, NEDO project outcomes are, in many cases, being adopted as materials and parts. In contrast, the calculated economic effect of manufacturing machines (i.e., industrial machines) practically corresponds to their net sales at the time of market release. Hence, we only take the net sales into consideration for manufacturing machines, whereas both primary and secondary induced economic effects are estimated for the materials and parts since parts and materials take a significant portion in the figure.(3) Overlaps in induced effect of parts/materials and end products; In automobile industry, NEDO project outcomes are utilized in materials/parts, manufacturing machines, and end products (automobiles). In this paper, only the end products in which NEDO projects played major roles (i.e., low-emission hybrid diesel vehicles and clean diesel cars) are counted.(4) Handling of the secondary induced effect by inter-industry relations analyses; While the primary induced economic effect is an index that represents the economic impact on the upstream of a supply chain, the secondary induced economic effect is an index that represents the sales revenue (the net sales of the products and the processes utilizing NEDO project outcomes). The latter also includes payroll expenditures incurred by the primary induced economic effect. Instead of considering the secondary effect as an economic impact on a specific industry, it seems more appropriate to deem it as a social impact resulted from improved economic performance through increased employment opportunities.(5) Handling of the economic effects in the energy field; The products other than energy storage are the machines and devices that generate electricity: Some of those supply renewable energy while others improve the energy efficiency of conventional energy. Renewable energy-related devices in particular (solar/wind/geothermal power generation) are a group of products that are exploring new markets. Added to the increased sales revenue in the upstream market of supply chain, there has also been a variety of impacts including increased sales of electricity and job creation. It should be noted that renewable energy-related devices, gas turbines, and fuel cells are the energy-saving devices which contribute to reducing the use of fossil fuel at the same time.4.3 Calculation of the primary and secondary induced economic effects by the inter-industry relations analysisIn regard to the primary induced economic effect on the sectors involved in the manufacturing of NEDO Inside Products (the net sales associated with the production of NEDO Inside Products in the sectors shown in the inter-industry relationship), solar power generation for instance, the net sales we refer to only count the sales of solar panels with given technologies in domestic market. The demand price for each intermediate product during the panel production process was computed by the intermediate input coefficients of the inter-industry relations table. The result was subsequently multiplied by the end product’s domestic self-sufficiency rate and inverse matrix coefficient to calculate the primary induced economic effect (the amount of

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