Vol.8 No.2 2015

−i−Highlights of the Papers in Synthesiology Volume 8 Issue 2 (Japanese version May. 2015)Synthesiology is a journal that describes the objectives and social value of research activities that attempt to utilize the results in society, the specific scenarios and research procedures, and the process of synthesis and integration of elemental technologies. To allow the readers to see the value of the papers in a glance, the highlights of the papers characteristic to Synthesiology are extracted and presented by the Editorial Board.Synthesiology Editorial BoardDevelopment of material testing equipment in high pressure gaseous hydrogen and international collaborative work of a testing method for a hydrogen society— Toward contribution to international standardization —The safety of high-pressure hydrogen containers is essential for the diffusion of fuel cell vehicles and hydrogen gas stations. Iijima (AIST) et al. developed an evaluation method that ensures the reliability of metal materials used in high-pressure hydrogen gas environment, jointly with an American research institution. The scenario for the international standardization of the successfully developed evaluation method is also discussed.Research on social benefits resulting from NEDO projects— Study of the top 70 NEDO Inside Products —Since the commencement of NEDO projects about 30 years ago, about 3 trillion yen of development funds have been invested. However, a methodology for analyzing the effect of such national investment has not been established. Yamashita (NEDO) et al. offer a general discussion on the effects, not only in terms of sales but also in terms of job creation and CO2 reduction, for the 70 products of NEDO projects that were successfully put to practical use and commercialization and show good sales. This is a valuable paper that presents the methodology for analyzing the cost-effectiveness.Application of laser Compton photon beam to nondestructive tests— A spin-off technology from nuclear physics —Toyokawa (AIST) applied technologies used in the atomic nucleus research to nondestructive tests, and conducted development and improvement as well as selection and integration of the elemental technologies to establish them for industrial use. Toyokawa positions bridging (translational) research as “work where one’s concerns and thinking are organized and gradually shaped into a form that can be readily accepted by society.” This paper describes the processes by which the users’ voices were heard and the direction of research was adjusted.Detection of influenza viruses with the waveguide mode sensor— Development of a palmtop sized sensor —Awazu (AIST) et al. developed an intermediate integrated technology that involves the size reduction of a sensor through the integration of elemental technologies, toward the goal of “realizing a simple and highly sensitive influenza virus detector,” and structured the integrated technology through their combination. This is an interesting paper that describes the process of fusion of different fields through joint research by experts in surface chemistry and virology, in addition to the technologies that the authors have already accumulated.Electronic journalURL J-Stagehttp://www.aist.go.jp/aist_e/research_results/publications/synthesiology_e/ https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/syntheng


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