Vol.8 No.2 2015
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Research paper : Study of the top 70 NEDO Inside Products (M. YAMASHITA et al.)−76−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.8 No.2 (2015) cumulative sales forecasts (2011-2020). This reveals that approximately 109,000 employment opportunities were created in 2010, and further 185,000 per year until 2020 [Eq. (2) and (3)]. In fact, the number of newly generated opportunities after 2011 had to be reduced to approximately 76,000 a year on the assumption that the same personnel remain employed [Eq.(4)].• Approx. 4.08 trillion yen × 13.38 % (labor cost/product salesTerm 2) ÷ 4,990,000 yen (average income) = approx. 109,000 jobs/year … Eq.(2)• Approx. 69.1 trillion yen × 13.38 % (labor cost/product salesTerm 2) ÷ 4,990,000 yen (average income) = approx. 1,850,000 jobs/10 years … Eq.(3)• 1,850,000 jobs/10 years (the number of jobs increased since 2011) – 109,000 jobs/year (the number of people hired in 2010) = approx. 76,000 jobs/year … Eq.(4)3.4 CO2 reduction effect of 70 NEDO Inside Products30 out of 70 NEDO Inside Products have the potential to reduce one million ton of CO2 per year; these include solar power generation, wind power generation, residential heat pumps, highly-efficient gas turbines, power semiconductors, LED materials, waste power generation, chlorofluorocarbon decomposition processes, refuse-derived fuel, semiconductor clean gas, and highly-efficient industrial furnaces. The CO2 reduction effect of these products is—in such cases as the replacement of existing products or chlorofluorocarbon decomposition—often represented in global warming potential (GWP) and expressed in CO2 unit: Based on the unit, these products are considered to make substantial contribution to greenhouse gas reduction. The companies, industrial associations, or NEDO provided the CO2 units on the assumption that these NEDO Inside Products replaced existing products, which were subsequently reviewed by a committee of experts, and the amount of CO2 reduced were estimated.[17][18] As the result, these products and processes are expected to reduce the CO2 emission for the next ten years by approximately 530 million ton/10 years (Table 3). Since the amount of CO2 emitted in Japan FY 2012 accounted for 1.343 billion ton, it can be said that these products and processes should achieve a 3.94 % reduction per year.4 Economic impact of NEDO Inside ProductsThe use of the inter-industry relations table enables us to figure out the (primary and secondary) induced economic effects of a NEDO Inside Product on the upstream and the downstream of its supply chain. However, the selection of the NEDO Inside Products viable for such estimation must be made with caution. The economic impacts presented in this research include “primary induced economic effect” by the products’ “net sales” and the sales that are later derived from manufacturing, as well as “secondary induced economic effect” through payroll expenses. The terms above are defined as follows:• Net sales: the sales figure of given product itself• Primary induced economic effect: the sales effect of parts and materials that are necessary for manufacturing the product at the upstream of supply chain• Secondary induced economic effect: the boost on employment and consumption resulted from the productʼs sales and primary induced effectsFor the products with small sales figures and little statistical significance in the inter-industry relations tables, the estimationʼs margin of error possibly becomes larger; 196,756,98637,443,907231,250274,152,41020,968,776529,553,3291) The amount of CO2 reduced was calculated as the cumulative CO2 reduction from the number of products expected to be introduced and the functions added in 2011~2020.Total (30 products)[2 products] Insulating materials for electronic materials, cleaning gas for semiconductor manufacturing5. Providers of safety, security, and comfort[14 products] Waste power generation, high-performance industrial furnaces, low-emission hybrid diesel vehicles, eco-cement, submerged combustion methods for chlorofluorocarbon decomposition, industrial heat pumps, high-performance high-function vacuum insulating materials, standby-power digital copiers, sulfur-free light oil, energy-saving construction machines, thermal storage transportation, geothermal power generation, waste solid fuel, low fuel consumption tires4. Solutions to resources and energy issues[1 product] Industrial medium-scale power generators3. Technological stimuli to wide range of fields[5 products] Power semiconductor materials, turbo refrigerators, non-stage transmission for automobiles (belt CVD), energy-sharing technology of plant community by pinch technology, high-performance LED materials2. Boosters of Japanese industry’s international competitiveness[8 products] Solar power generation, residential heat pump hot water supply systems, wind power generation, residential fuel cells, mobile batteries, gas turbines, high-output secondary batteries, clean diesel vehicles1. Pioneers of new marketCO2 reduction effect1) (ton-CO2/year)Specific NEDO Inside ProductsCategoryTable 3. CO2 reduction effect of NEDO Inside Products

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