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Research paper : New research trends in artifactology (J. OTA et al.)−206−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.7 No.4 (2015) used in Fig. 6, bottom left. Figure 6, top left and bottom right are new themes that are dealt with in Phase III. 4.2 Related themes and remaining issuesWe have also set other shared themes, some of which are listed below, and aim to achieve the objectives of RACE while solving them: New energy policies that take CO2 emissions, promotion of energy conservation, and stable fuel supply into account. New staff education systems—training of industry oriented socialization skills. Concept of water demand predictions and emergency water supply systems that take account of citizens returning home at times of earthquakes. Nursing techniques self-study support system enabling nursing students to apply the appropriate nursing measures to a variety of patients.Each of these themes represents typical examples of the “modern evils” outlined at the start of this paper—namely, the environment, wealth and poverty (education is an effective means of solving wealth and poverty problems), safety, and health—and can be said to be typical problems involving both the human aspect of modeling the individual, and the sociotechnological aspect of artifact creation by multi-stakeholders. We expect the solving of these problems to be a major outcome of Phase III.The most important issue remaining is the problem of transdisciplinary deployment, that is, the question of how to apply a proposed solution for a given problem to other issues. Put in other words, the problem of how to accumulate knowledge that transcends the limitations of specific disciplines. In the current circumstances we believe that the first step toward solving this problem is to take a comprehensive view of the solution finding process while solving each problem, describe that in as universal a form as possible, and build a database.5 ConclusionThis paper first outlined the current status and future concept of the study of artifactology. It then explained our objective to build continuous harmonious relationships between artifacts and individuals/society/environment, through an approach from the perspective of modeling of individuals and socialization technologies for artifact creation. It also outlined a scenario that applies techniques for modeling individuals with incorporated experimental economics techniques, and extracted the modeling of product service systems as an example theme.From the perspective of strategic use of its limited human and material resources, Japan needs to concentrate on, and make choices in, both research and education. It is of vital importance that we as researchers not only proactively generate action and behavior in actual society, which also includes social collaboration, but also facilitate structures to promptly circulate any knowledge and information obtained during the process within that organization. The important aspect that must be considered at this time is that introduction of a new evaluation system for research organizations and researchers that incorporates evaluation from the perspective of outcome creation is of the essence. In future, this will require consideration of a new format for evaluating research Fig. 6 Product service system concept for a smart houseF2ti0ri( t, F2 )= −Ait+ F2P2UiII2×*Power company*House builders*Various manufacturers*General household*Local communityService CADEconomicsexperiment・decision-making mechanism of receivers・human/society interactionProdact/service function design solutionSystem design・Product provision・Service provision・Embedded observational function・Receiver model・Usage model for product/service functions・Usage/results data・Receiver consumptiondata・Satisfaction level dataFunction designAnalysisReceiptProvisionTime duration of prodauct useaiton price

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