Vol.6 No.3 2014
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−188−Synthesiology - English edition Vol. 6 No. 3, Dec. 2013Edited by Synthesiology Editorial BoardPublished by National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST)Synthesiology Editorial BoardEditor in Chief: S. ICIMURASenior Executive Editor: M. SETO, N. YUMOTOExecutive Editors: T. SHIMIZU, H. TATEISHI, M. TANAKA, S. TOGASHI, Y. HASEGAWA, M. AKAMATSU, N. KOBAYASHI, M. YAMAZAKI, H. TAYAEditors: H. AKOH, S. ABE, K. IGARASHI, K. UEDA, A. ETORI, K. OHMAKI, M. OKAJI, A. ONO A. KAGEYAMA, S. KANEMARU, T. KUBO, C. KURIMOTO, K. SAKAUE, H. TAO, K. CHIBA, E. TSUKUDA, H. NAKASHIMA, S. NIKI, Y. BABA, Y. HINO, T. MATSUI, Y. MITSUISHI, N. MURAYAMA, M. MOCHIMARU, A. YABE, H. YOSHIKAWAPublishing Secretariat: Publication Office, Public Relations Department, AISTContact: Synthesiology Editorial Boardc/o Website and Publication Office, Public Relations Department, AISTTsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba 305-8568, JapanTel: +81-29-862-6217 Fax: +81-29-862-6212 sURL: http://www.aist.go.jp/aist_e/research_results/publications/synthesiology_e*Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited.Letter from the editorRecently, the demands on the R&D results are becoming diversified. Just decades ago, the main mission of R&D was to produce research results that will help create products with better functions because we had a belief that “products with excellent functions will sell.” However, today, it is said that the demand is not only for the functionality of the products or services, but is for the “values at a higher dimension.” On the other hand, after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011, the demands for “specific applications (implementations) of the research results to society” have increased, and the ways in which the research results “realize values in society” are under scrutiny.Synthesiology sets the following as requirements for its papers: to set specific values and goals of R&D in society; to create scenarios to realize the goals; and to select and integrate the elemental technologies necessary to achieve the goals. One of the most important requirements is how to set the “goals and values in society.” It is very interesting to see how the researchers have tackled this issue. In this issue of Synthesiology, there are four papers and one article, and I shall write my thoughts from this perspective.The paper by Arai et al., “Marine geological mapping project in the Okinawa area,” provides the methodology for exploring submarine mineral resources, based on geological phenomena. It should be noted that the paper presents the synthesis process of the methodology to generate “higher values,” that is, resource development, without staying in the bounds of organizing the basic land information.The paper by Shikata et al., “Development of diamond-based power devices,” is a verification research of the diamond material that has the highest performance and overwhelming superiority among the power semiconductors, and this is taken to the stage of practical use. The goal is the realization of “higher environmental and energy values” for the “low-loss electric conversion” by combining the various excellent properties of diamond.Tamura’s paper, “Measurement of input resources for standardization activities in basic research and applied and development research, and the difference of the measuring results between the research types,” is also interesting. Here, a hypothesis is set that there may be a possibility that the standardization activity is conducted in the basic research disciplines, at the same level as the application and developmental researches. The focus is placed on the activities to generate “higher added values” for the research results of the standardization activities.In the paper by Arizono et al., “A proposal for setting electric power saving rate to avoid risk of electric power shortage occurrence,” the method for setting the power conservation rate to avoid power shortage is proposed, using the probability inequality as the main elemental technology. As there is a concern for the shortage of electricity, it is an interesting paper from the perspective of aiming for “a solution of a difficult issue that must be solved” in avoiding the risk of electricity shortage based on the current power demand-supply balance.In all papers, we can see the efforts to create new values, and the unique insight of the researchers can be discerned in all cases.Finally, we published an article, “Portfolio structuring and social implementation in the development of complex technology.” by Dr. Komai. Here, the portfolio analysis was conducted for a complex technological development using the synthetic method. It is a report of a method and diffusion of the analysis results of the geo-environmental risk assessment system (GERAS). This article is a recommended reading as it presents an example of the new way of applying synthesiology that goes all the way to social implementation as mentioned in the beginning.Executive EditorNaoto KOBAYASHI

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