Vol.6 No.3 2014
Article : Portfolio structuring and social implementation in the development of complex technology (T. KOMAI)−182−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.6 No.3 (2013) ReferencesT. Komai, Y. Kawabe, J. Hara, Y. Sakamoto and H. Sugita: Development of a risk assessment system for soil contamination and the application to the social system – Processes in Synthesiology for practicing an advanced environmental risk management, Synthesiology, 1 (4), 276-286 (2008) (in Japanese) [Synthesiology English edition, 1 (4), 251-262 (2009)].Y. Kawabe, J. Hara, T. Yasutaka, Y. Sakamoto, M. Zhang and T. Komai: Heavy metals in tsunami sediment by the Great East Japan Earthquake and their risks to human, Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. G (Environmental Research), 68 (3), 195-202 (2012) (in Japanese).AuthorTakeshi KOMAIHas been in charge of research management from the planning, production, and diffusion of GERAS, and has spent effort in the diffusion of GERAS to industry and society at the Research Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, AIST. Innovation Coordinator from April 2010; and Director, Research Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, AIST from April 2012. Specialties are environmental engineering and environmental geology. Has worked on the solutions of various issues that lie between resources and environment, and on the diffusion of environmental technologies to industry. To diffuse the research results, served as member of the Tokyo Environment Council, member of the Chiba Prefecture Pollution Committee, specialist member of the Ibaraki Prefecture Environment Council, and others. Retired from AIST in March 2013. Currently in charge of the lectures for Geo-resources and Energy Science as professor, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University.Discussions with Reviewers1 OverallComment (Chikao Kurimoto, Evaluation Department, AIST; and Hiroaki Tao, Research Institute for Environmental Management Technology, AIST)This article shows the synthesiological process of GERAS, a risk diagnosis system for soil and groundwater contamination, from its conceptualization to the diffusion into society. Based on the research paper [Synthesiology, 1(4), 276-286 (2008)] that discussed the process from its development to social provision, this article discusses the scientific and social measures for further technological development and diffusion into industry, as well as the role and collaboration of industry, academia, and government. Particularly, focus was placed on the overall scenario and portfolio to combine and fuse the technological elements, to clarify the elements that should be emphasized and those that are weak, and to outline the importance of utilizing them in system design and social implementation. The content of the article is synthesiological, and we think that it is appropriate for publication in Synthesiology.2 Portfolio analysisComment (Chikao Kurimoto)In this paper, you discuss the technologies for soil surveys, chemical analyses, environmental restorations, risk assessments, information analyses, and geophysical explorations, but in Fig. 1, you present the technologies and measures that integrate multiple technologies such as “1. Soil contamination risk assessment, 2. Soil contamination remediation technology, etc.” Please organize the terminologies such as the elemental technologies in the legend of Fig. 1 and the technological elements (research topics). Please explain the fusion and integration of the technologies in this article.Answer (Takeshi Komai)The legend of Fig. 1 and the terminologies in this paper were organized, and the details of the method of fusion and integration and the process composition were added to the article. I consider the portfolio shown in Fig. 1 as one expression of using the maturity of technology and society as an index. The three categories in the legend were revised to basic research, product realization research, and demand-response research, and the terminologies were organized to enable better understanding of the overall image. Throughout the paper, instead of an explanatory content, revisions and additions were made to present theoretical discussions that indicate synthesiological thinking.3 Composition of the GERAS developmentComment (Chikao Kurimoto)The three-phase composition of GERAS development and their characteristics are well organized and easy to understand in Fig. 2. In chapter 4, the activities for collaboration with industries and for social implementation are explained. I think the understanding will be enhanced if you can clearly show the flow from industrial collaboration to social implementation in Fig. 2. How about setting sociology and industry-academia collaboration of Fig. 2 as the composition stage IV and position it as the next phase?Answer (Takeshi Komai)I think the composition where the objective is the diffusion to society is the next step of these R&Ds or the final stage of the loop. I realized it was very important to add the process for social implementation, not just the technological development, in the synthesiological process. Therefore, based on the changes in the three phases in Fig. 2, I added a new process through social of main information in big data and for the restoration of images. In the field of risk assessment, it is gaining attention as a new numerical method for estimating the preliminary risk from posterior occurrence rates, and it has been applied to few complex systems such as the ecosystem. The author and co-researchers are engaging in the research to apply the Bayesian statistics to the geochemical identification of the surface horizon and tsunami deposits.