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Research paper : Measurement of input resources for standardization activities in basic research and applied and development research, and the difference of the measuring results between the research types (S. TAMURA)−174−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.6 No.3 (2013) standardization activities in organizations. In addition, from the analysis of the total data, the hypothesis was established that there is a possibility that standardization activities related to IP activities are being conducted in basic research institutions at the same level as the applied and development research. Aside from the precision, at least, the presence of standardization activities in basic research was confirmed from the quantitative data.As an implication on policy, although an equivalent or higher percentage was observed compared to applied and development research of companies for standardization activities, the management of the standardization activities is not sufficiently organized in IP management at universities, and the standardization and patent activities are not sufficiently coordinated. The universities need the integrated management of standards and patents as in the electric machinery industry, and it is necessary for the divisions for industry-academia collaboration promotion at universities that currently handle patent information to play the role of transmitting information on standardization. Also, standardization activities must be considered when universities set IP policies as internal rules.As an implication on research, in short-terms, the results indicate the usability of the number of people involved in technological standard activities to the quantitative analysis of evaluation of the innovation activities in basic and applied and development research. In long-terms, using the findings of this paper, the establishment of the system to collect similar data internationally is expected.For establishing the evaluation method for innovation activities, considering the qualitative changes that the standardization activities confer on the IP activities, further advancement in the measurement method of the quantitative data for standardization activities will be demanded. Assuming the evolving network society, the standardization activities will become a factor that cannot be ignored in evaluating the innovation activities in the future.AcknowledgementI am thankful to the Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI), the Waseda University, and the staff members of the institutions, for offering us the opportunity to conduct this research. I am also thankful to Mr. Nagano and Mr. Sakamoto of the Standard Certification Unit, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. I am grateful to Professor Nagaoka, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University, for his useful advice in the research.This paper was written under the responsibility of the author, and the contents including the mistakes are the responsibility of the author.References[1]Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Monbu Kagaku Tokei Benran (Statistical Abstract for Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) (2009) (in Japanese).[2]International Organization for Standardization (ISO), ISO Members 2006, ISO, Geneva (2006).[3]Japan Patent Office: Heisei 20 Nen Chiteki Zaisan Katsudo Chosa Hokokusho (2008 Results of the Survey of Intellectual Property-Related Activities), Japan Patent Office (2009) (in Japanese).[4]Japan Patent Office: Heisei 21 Nen Chiteki Zaisan Katsudo Chosa Hokokusho (2009 Results of the Survey of Intellectual Property-Related Activities), Japan Patent Office (2010) (in Japanese).[5]Japan Patent Office: Heisei 22 Nen Chiteki Zaisan Katsudo Chosa Hokokusho (2010 Results of the Survey of Intellectual Property-Related Activities), Japan Patent Office (2011) (in Japanese).[6]Japan Patent Office: Heisei 23 Nen Chiteki Zaisan Katsudo Chosa Hokokusho (2011 Results of the Survey of Intellectual Property-Related Activities), Japan Patent Office (2012) (in Japanese).[7]Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.: Sentan-Gijutsu Bunya Ni Okeru Gijutsu Kaihatsu To Hyojunka No Kankei Mondai Ni Kansuru Chosa Hokokusho (Report on Technological Development for State-of-the-Art Field and Relationships/Issues in Standardization), Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2009) (in Japanese).[8]OECD: Frascati Manual 2002: Proposed Standard Practice For Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, OECD, Paris (2002).[9]N. Gandal, N. Gantman and D. Genesove: Intellectual property and standardisation committee participation in the US modem industry, Standards and Public Policy (S. Greenstein and V. Stango (eds.)), 208-230, Cambridge University Press (2007).[10]B. Godin: Neglected scientific activities: The (non) measurement of related scientific activities, Montreal (2001). [accessed 26 Sept. 2012].[11]S. Tamura: Effects of integrating patents and standards on intellectual property management and corporate innovativeness in Japanese electric machine corporations, Int. J. of Technology Management, 59 (3/4), 180-202 (2012).[12]Tohoku University: Kokuritsu Daigaku Hojin Tohoku Daigaku Chiteki Zaisan Porishi (Intellectual Property Policy of Tohoku University). [accessed 11 Dec. 2012] (in Japanese).[13]The University of Tokyo: Tokyo Daigaku Chiteki Zaisan Porishi (Intellectual Property Policy of The University of Tokyo) (2004). [accessed 11/12/2012] (in Japanese).[14]Tokyo Institute of Technology: Tokyo Kogyo Daigaku Chiteki Zaisan Porishi (Intellectual Property Policy of Tokyo Institute of Technology) (2004). [accessed 11 Dec. 2012] (in Japanese).[15]Osaka University: Osaka Daigaku Chiteki Zaisan Porishi (Intellectual Property Policy of Osaka University) (2010). [accessed 11 Dec. 2012] (in Japanese).[16]OECD: Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and

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