Vol.6 No.3 2014
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Research paper : Measurement of input resources for standardization activities in basic research and applied and development research, and the difference of the measuring results between the research types (S. TAMURA)−170−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.6 No.3 (2013) 5.2.1 Education, TLO, public research institution, and public serviceThis category includes the advanced research institutions such as universities. Therefore, the data can be used to understand the trend of basic research. Looking at the data by category, the number of personnel involved in standardization activities is second after the electric machinery industry. In 2010, the number was highest at 402 persons, and lowest with 161 persons in 2011. The percentage of the standardization activities among IP activities was lowest at 12.9 % in 2011. In other years, the percentage was about 26 % to 27 %. The reason for the shift in the data, other than the decrease in the actual number of personnel, was because the amount of standardization activities decreased in work. Other factors include the fact that this data was not panel data but targeted the companies with five or more patent applications in the previous year, and the sample companies might have been replaced.5.2.2 Electric machinery industryThe highest number was 484 persons in 2008, and the lowest number was 421 persons in 2011. While the percentage of the Number of samplesNumber of IP personnelNumber of in-company patent attorney in IP personnelEducation, TLO, public research institute, public serviceElectric machinery industryInformation & communication industryConstructionFood manufacturingTextile, pulp, papermakingDrug manufacturingChemical industryOil & coal, plastic, rubber, ceramicsIron & steel, non-iron metal manufacturingMetal product manufacturingMachinery manufacturingTransportation machine manufacturingCommercial machinery & equipment manufacturingOther manufacturingWholesale, retail, etc.Other non-manufacturingIndividual, othersEducation, TLO, public research institute, public serviceElectric machinery industryInformation & communication industryConstructionFood manufacturingTextile, pulp, papermakingDrug manufacturingChemical industryOil & coal, plastic, rubber, ceramicsIron & steel, non-iron metal manufacturingMetal product manufacturingMachinery manufacturingTransportation machine manufacturingCommercial machinery & equipment manufacturingOther manufacturingWholesale, retail, etc.Other non-manufacturingIndividual, others3,0302563281081071645388211192751092151371042093232261254,8055154252541902009882261262791902661661082915944463783,663252378170110228668622722482149219139902365283171623,2312513891491261617285227208841332941451002292962819118,5381,2466,6004312864652386261,7439906672719051,5811,02369932933714717,1061,5494,8066533605012605651,8441,0396033358721,20766780438051214919,2271,4126,7116872425312446101,9129446973201,1561,27285270338938516118,4575,9535683454932635511,7259556333298651,4688451,133314472191,35246563391547231061287652458716133101561,5241,05554336421230229413276501040463735151861,202624913853922101125654165947502541579984733721104124891095133739534866618-201120102009200820112010200920082011201020092008201120102009200820112010200920082011201020092008Number of IP personnelNumber of standardization personnel in IP personnel(Number of standardization personnel)/( IP personnel)16118,5381,2466,6004312864652386261,7439906672719051,5811,02369932933714717,1061,5494,8066533605012605651,8441,0396033358721,20766780438051214919,2271,4126,7116872425312446109446973201,1561,2728527033893851,91218,4571,5245,9535683454932635511,7259556333298651,4688451,133314472191,826161421344011520129981094463159113631228232212,3364024656362120311331611033766220106501548854232,298386461733680211272041493573153123661438555282,2963904843541851965180173268419216477148666369.9%12.9%6.4%7.9%14.0%24.7%8.4%20.6%5.6%11.0%6.6%23.2%17.6%7.1%6.2%17.5%24.9%9.5%14.3%13.7%26.0%9.7%9.6%17.2%24.0%11.9%23.5%8.7%9.9%6.1%19.7%25.2%8.8%7.5%19.2%23.2%10.5%15.4%12.0%27.3%6.9%10.6%14.9%15.1%8.6%20.8%10.7%15.8%5.0%22.8%13.2%9.7%7.7%20.3%21.9%14.3%17.4%12.4%25.6%8.1%6.2%11.9%17.2%7.2%11.8%10.4%18.1%4.1%25.5%22.2%11.2%9.1%13.1%21.0%13.3%31.6%Source: Modified data of the JPO Chiteki Zaisan Katsudo Chosa Hokokusho (Results of the Survey of Intellectual Property-Related Activities) for 2011, 2010, 2009, and 2008.TotalTotal2008200920102011-50100150200250300350400450500Education, TLO, public research institute, public serviceElectric machinery industryInformation & communication industryConstructionFood manufacturingTextile, pulp, papermakingDrug manufacturingChemical industryOil & coal, plastic, rubber, ceramicsIron & steel, non-iron metal manufacturingMetal product manufacturingMachinery manufacturingTransportation machine manufacturingCommercial machinery & equipment manufacturingOther manufacturingWholesale, retail, etc.Other non-manufacturingIndividual, othersFig. 2 Number of personnel involved in standardization among the IP personnel by industrial category (2008-2011) Table 2. Number of standardization personnel among IP personnel and the percentage (total by industry)

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