Vol.6 No.3 2014

Research paper−166−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.6 No.3 pp.166-176 (Dec. 2013) activity in basic research institutions will be discussed. In addition, the social foundation where the standardization activities for innovation are quantitatively managed is established as a long-term outcome goal, and proposals will be made for research processes necessary for its achievement, and the point of achievement at the time this research paper was written is described.Although the importance of standardization strategy is emphasized in recent years, surprisingly, the method for measuring the quantitative data pertaining to standardization activities in companies and organizations is still in the research stage. The Monbu Kagaku Tokei Benran (Statistical Abstract for Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) carries data pertaining to patents, but there are no data for standardization activities.[1] The quantitative data for standardization activities collected officially focus heavily on the results, and are limited to the number of de jure standards offered by ISO or IEC, and the number of staff in the office.[2]In such a situation, the Japan Patent Office (JPO) added the survey items pertaining to the standardization activities in intellectual property (IP) activities in the Chiteki Zaisan Katsudo Chosa Hokokusho (Results of the Survey of Intellectual Property-Related Activities) that is conducted for all industries in Japan.[3]-[6] Compared to the whole 1 OutlineThe objective of this research is to clarify whether the measurement method for quantitative data pertaining to the standardization activities in basic research and applied and development research is appropriate or not, and to set the clarified method as a foundation to advance innovation management. In addition, to construct an evaluation method for standardization policy, the elemental activities of standardization activity and the re-synthesis of various elements are investigated through the quantification of outcomes and invested resources in the standardization activity. Until now, while the quantification of outcome was possible to some extent through statistics such as ISO, there was no sufficient quantification of the invested resources.In this paper, the usability of the definitions pertaining to the standardization activity in research analysis (hereinafter, will be called efficacy), and whether the data measured over several fiscal years stay roughly within a certain range will be investigated (note: the situation in which the data collected over several fiscal years fall roughly in a certain range will be described as being “stable”). Based on the data obtained, the difference of the standardization activity between the universities that engage in basic research and the companies that engage in applied and development research will be evaluated. Also, the management of the standardization - Case studies of universities and technology licensing organizations, and the electric machinery industry-This study explores the methods for measuring standardization activities in basic research and applied and development research. Such methods are supposed to enable more sophisticated management of innovation in organizations. This paper focuses on standardization activities relating to intellectual property, because such activities are thought to be strongly linked to innovation. Universities and technology licensing organizations were chosen as examples of basic research institutions. Companies in the electric machinery industry and information and communication industry were selected as examples of the applied and development research institutions. First, the stability of data over multiple years and the validity of the definition of standardization activities are discussed. Then, the difference in measurement results between basic research, and applied and development research is described. A hypothesis is proposed that the ratio of standardization activities in basic research is as high as that in applied and development research.Measurement of input resources for standardization activities in basic research and applied and development research, and the difference of the measuring results between the research typesKeywords : Basic research, applied research, development research, standardization activities, university[Translation from Synthesiology, Vol.6, No.3, p.170-179 (2013)]Suguru TamuraResearch institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI) 1-3-1 Kasumigaseki Chiyoda-ku 100-8901, Japan Tel: 03-3501-1363, Fax: 03-3501-8577Original manuscript received December 12, 2012, Revisions received February 18, 2013, Accepted February 18, 2013


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