Vol.5 No.4 2013
Research paper : Reconstruction of the 869 Jogan tsunami and lessons from the 2011 Tohoku earthquake (Y. Okamura)−249−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.5 No.4 (2013) of the Active Fault and Earthquake Research Center, AIST; and Professor Kenji Satake, Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo. This research was made possible by the cooperation of the landowners and related organizations at the site. I am grateful to all the people who were involved.ReferencesThe Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion: Fundamental Earthquake Survey and Observation Plans http://www.jishin.go.jp/main/seisaku/hokoku97/s8kei.htm#1-1 (1997) (in Japanese).T. Usami: Saishinban Nihon Higai Jishin Soran 416-2001 (Materials for Comprehensive List of Destructive Earthquakes in Japan, Latest Edition), University of Tokyo Press (2003) (in Japanese).K. Ishibashi and K. Satake: Problems on forecasting great earthquakes in the subduction zones around Japan by means of paleoseismology, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Japan), 50, Appendix, 1 -21 (1998) (in Japanese).The Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion: Sanriku Oki kara Boso Oki ni kakete no jishin katsudo no choki hyoka no ichibu kaitei nitsuite (Regarding the partial revision of the long-term evaluation of earthquake activity of off-shore of Sanriku to Boso area) http://www.jishin.go.jp/main/chousa/09mar_sanriku/index.htm (2009) (in Japanese).K. Hirakawa, Y. Nakamura and T. Haraguchi: Hokkaido Tokachi engan chiiki ni okeru kyodai tsunami to sairai kankaku (Giant tsunami in the Tokachi coastal region, Hokkaido and the recurrence interval), Chikyu Monthly Symposium, 28, 154-161 (2000) (in Japanese).F. Nanayama, K. Satake, K. Shimokawa, K. Shigeno, R. Furukawa, I. Hirota, A. Makino, J. Nojima, S. Koitabashi and M. Ishii: Chishima Kaiko engan iki, Kiritappu Shitsugen ni oite kakunin sareta kyodai jishin tsunami ibento (Mega earthquake tsunami event observed in the Kiritappu marsh in the coastal area of Kuril Trench), Chikyu Monthly Symposium, 28, 139-146 (2000) (in Japanese).F. Nanayama, K. Satake, R. Furukawa, K. Shimokawa, B. F. Atwater, K. Shigeno and S. Yamaki: Unusually large earthquakes inferred from tsunami deposits along the Kuril trench, Nature, 424, 660-663, doi:10.1038/nature01864 (2003).K. Satake and F. Nanayama: Tsunami inundation maps for the Pacific coast of Hokkaido, Numerical Geological Map EQ-1, Geological Survey of Japan, AIST, (2004) (in Japanese).K. Satake, F. Nanayama and S. Yamaki: Fault models of unusual tsunami in the 17th century along the Kuril trench, Earth Planets Space, 60, 925-935 (2008).Y. Tsuji and K. Ueda: Kencho 16 nen (1611), Enpo 5 nen (1677), Horeki 12 (1763), Kansei 5 nen (1793), oyobi Ansei 3 nen (1856) no kaku Sanriku Jishin tsunami no kensho [Investigation of Sanriku Earthquake tsunami in Kencho 16 (1611), Enpo 5 (1677), Horeki 12 (1763), Kansei 5 (1793) and Ansei 3 (1856)], Rekishi Jishin (J. Soc. Historical Earthquake), 11, 75-106 (1995) (in Japanese).T. Yoshida: Jogan 11 nen Mutsu-fu-jo no shindo koitsu (Earthquake and flooding of Mutsu State Castle in Jogan 11), Rekishi Chiri (Historical Geography), 8 (12), 1033-1040 (1906) (in Japanese).M. Shishikura, Y. Sawai, Y. Namegaya and Y. Okamura: Heian no hitobito ga mita kyodai tsunami wo saigensuru – seireki 869 Jogan Tsunami (Reconstructing the giant tsunami seen by the people of Heian Period – Jogan Tsunami of AD 869), AFERC News, 16 (2010) (in Japanese).H. Abe, Y. Sugeno and A. Chigama: Estimation of the height of the Sanriku Jogan 11 earthquake-tsunami (A.D.869) in the Sendai plain, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Japan), 43, 513-525 (1990) (in Japanese).K. Minoura and S. Nakaya: Traces of tsunami preserved in inter-tidal lacustrine and marsh deposits: some examples from northeast Japan, Journal of Geology, 99, 265-287 (1991). M. Shishikura, Y. Sawai, Y. Okamura, J. Komatsubara, T. T. Aung, T. Ishiyama, O. Fujiwara and S. Fujino: Age and distribution of tsunami deposit in the Ishinomaki Plain, Northeastern Japan, Annual Report on Active Fault and Paleoearthquake Researches, 7, 31-46 (2007) (in Japanese).Y. Sawai, Y. Okamura, M. Shishikura, T. Matsuura, T. T. Aung, J. Komatsubara and Y. Fujii: Historical tsunamis recorded in deposits beneath Sendai Plain - Inundation areas of the A.D. 1611 Keicho and the A.D. 869 Jogan tsunamis, Chishitsu News, 624, 36-41 (2006) (in Japanese).K. Satake, Y. Namegaya and S. Yamaki: Numerical simulation of the AD 869 Jogan tsunami in Ishinomaki and Sendai plains, Annual Report on Active Fault and Paleoearthquake Researches, 8, 71-89 (2008) (in Japanese).Y. Namegaya, K. Satake and S. Yamaki: Numerical simulation of the AD 869 Jogan tsunami in Ishinomaki and Sendai plains and Ukedo river-mouth lowland, Annual Report on Active Fault and Paleoearthquake Researches, 10, 1-21 (2010) (in Japanese).M. Shishikura: Tsunami taisekibutsu kara mita 869 Jogan Jishin to 2011 nen Tohoku Chiho Taiheiyo Oki Jishin nitsuite (Comparison of the 869 Jogan Earthquake and the 2011 Earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku from tsunami deposits), Seism. Soc. Japan News Letter, 23 (3), (2011) (in Japanese).Central Disaster Management Council: Report of the Committee for Technical Investigation on Countermeasures for Earthquakes and Tsunami Based on the Lessons Learned from the “2011 Off the Pacific Coast of Tohoku Earthquake” http://www.bousai.go.jp/jishin/chubou/higashinihon/index_higashi.html (2011) (in Japanese).AuthorYukinobu OkamuraCompleted the master’s course at the Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University in 1980. Joined the Geological Survey of Japan, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry in 1980. Engaged in the marine geological surveys around Japan for about 24 years, created the marine geological maps, and studied the formation of the geologic structures. Participates in the research of tsunami deposits at the Active Fault and Earthquake Research Center, AIST from 2004. Director of AFERC since 2009.