Vol.5 No.1 2012

Research paper : Analysis of synthetic approaches described in papers of the journal Synthesiology (N. Kobayashi et al.)−47−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.5 No.1 (2012) technology, the elemental technologies are complex, and the interaction with humans, society, and environment is gaining weight in the synthesis method. Figure 11 is a diagram of tentative thoughts that presents the number and size of the elemental technologies and the relationships among the fields.The major academic disciplines that form the basis of the technological fields are shown in the basis at the lower part of the diagram. The elements can be defined clearly in the fields of physics and chemistry, and they are thought to form the basis. When the elements are finely analyzed in physics, one reaches quark and lepton, and they synthesize substances as they climb to the higher levels of nucleus, atom, and molecule mediated by interaction. The characteristic of chemistry is that the complex interaction among the electrons creates various reactions and various substances. In mechanical engineering, a main branch of engineering, the main interaction is mechanical or electromagnetic interaction, but the elements are macroscopic and the number of elements is limited. In geology and biology, the number and the complexity of the elements increase dramatically and the descriptions become increasingly diverse.The fields that are established on these academic disciplines include: the multidimensional elemental systems such as nanotechnology, materials, and electronics that have relatively few elements; complex systems such as geology and environment and energy where, the interaction among the elements can be clearly defined in terms of physics and chemistry although the number of elements increases dramatically; and the complex interactive system such as information technology, biology, and human technology where the interactions among the elements themselves are diverse.As the number and size of elements increase, the synthetic method becomes diverse, and this is related to the way the scenario is set up and its characteristic. In the multidimensional element system where there are few elements, the scenario can be relatively easy to understand because the elements and the synthesis method are clear. Since the technological synthesis method is clear, the logical development of the scenario can be done readily. It can also be said it is relatively easy to spell out the milestone and roadmap of the technological development. In contrast, in the complex and complex interactive systems, the number of elements increases, the interactions become diverse, and the range of synthesis spreads. The ways in which the scenarios are written are not uniform, but are characterized by the fact that the development changes through the interaction with the real society and users.The technological fields presented here are the fields for which the R&Ds were promoted by the former Ministry of Commerce and Industry, former Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, and former Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, in response to the demand of industrial promotion since the Meiji era. Although they include a wide range of fields, they do not include all the technological fields. Therefore, it must be noted that the characteristics of the fields presented in this chapter are limited.5 Synthesis method in Synthesiology(1) Technological synthesis methodUpon analyzing the 70 papers, we extracted the common characteristic of the synthesis method. The synthesis methodology seen in Synthesiology involves the series of processes from strategy building and scenario setting element selection and combination technological synthesis trial in society. In addition to such linear process, “feedback” is a characteristic process in some cases.As an example of individual elemental selection and Fig. 12 Technological synthesis in SynthesiologyFeedbackFeedbackFractal structureSelection and combination of elementsSelection and combination of elementsSelection and combination of elementsSelection and combination of elements(Example)Synthesis for social introductionStrategic selection typeBreakthrough typeAufheben typeTrial in the societyStrategy (strategy and scenario)


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