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Research paper−37−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.5 No.1 pp.37-55 (Jun. 2012) of environment and energy, 10 in life sciences (biotechnology), seven in life sciences (human technology), 12 in information technology and electronics, 14 in nanotechnology, materials and manufacturing, 12 in metrology and measurement science, and 6 papers in geological survey and applied geoscience. We analyzed the methods of synthetic research scenarios in each research field, and attempted extracting the common methodology. Chapter 2 addresses the basic types of synthesis of the elemental technology, chapter 3 is the analysis of the synthesis method for each field, and chapter 4 presents the characteristics of the field based on the analyzed synthesis method. In chapter 5, we present the “technological synthesis” of which the necessity in the synthesis method has been clarified, and the characteristics of the “synthesis for social introduction.”By the method of analyzing the written papers, this paper attempts to synthesize the new “study” called synthesiology to connect the research results to society. 2 Basic types of synthesis of the elemental technologyKobayashi, one of the authors, proposed the examples of the basic types of synthesis of the elemental technology: (1) aufheben type (method by which a new concept is created by 1 IntroductionThe objective of the journal SynthesiologyTerm 1 is to publish the research papers on the practice of how to integrate the individual elemental technologies and scientific findings and to synthesize the results of the R&D into a form usable in society. Specifically, the journal requires that the papers present the descriptions of the research objectives and social value, the clarification of the scenario to achieve the objectives, the selection and integration of the elemental technologies, and the result evaluation and its future prospects.[1] The knowledge of the research methods obtained through the accumulation of these research papers may lead to practical examples of Full Research,Term 2 [2] and if such research findings diffuse into society and contribute to innovations, Synthesiology can play a major role as a new type of academic journal. The elemental technologies alone do not contribute to creating innovations, but rationally linked with the knowledge of diverse disciplines, they need to be integrated and synthesized to construct a specific technology before introduction to society. We believe it is beneficial to society to clarify the synthesis methodology of the R&D.Therefore, of the 70 papers published in Synthesiology Volume 1 No. 1 to Volume 3 No. 4, we looked at nine papers in the field - Towards establishing synthesiological methodology for bridging the gap between scientific research results and society-The methodology of synthesis has been studied by analyzing 70 papers published in the academic journal, Synthesiology, launched in 2008. As a result, it has been found that each technological field has its distinctive features, e.g. there are many break-through type syntheses in biotechnology and nanotechnology, and the strategic selection types are commonly observed in the metrology and measurement field. In addition, we have found a common synthetic method as a whole. A kind of methodology called “technological synthesis” has been found to be important in the Full Research, and continuous follow-up process called “synthesis for social introduction” is also found to be one of the features to introduce the research results to society. Both the former and the latter involve feedback processes, and moreover, in the latter case, a dynamic synthetic method that can be called a spiral-up process is observed, where many feedback processes are repeated successively through social trials.Analysis of synthetic approaches described in papers of the journal SynthesiologyKeywords : Synthesiology, synthetic study, Full Research, Type 2 Basic Research, technological synthesis, synthesis for social introduction[Translation from Synthesiology, Vol.5, No.1, p.36-52 (2012)]Naoto Kobayashi1*, Motoyuki Akamatsu2, Masahiro Okaji3, Shigeko Togashi4, Koh Harada5 and Noboru Yumoto61. Center for Research Strategy, Waseda University 513 Wasedatsurumaki-cho, Shinjuku-ku 162-0041, Japan *E-mail: , 2. Human Technology Research Institute, AIST Tsukuba Central 6, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8566, Japan, 3. CHINO Corporation 32-8, Kumano-cho, Itabashi-ku 173-8632, Tokyo, Japan, 4. Evaluation Department, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568, Japan, 5. AIST Tohoku 4-2-1 Nigatake, Miyagino, Sendai 983-8551, Japan, 6. AIST Tsukuba Central 6, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8566, Japan Original manuscript received September 21, 2011, Revisions received November 7, 2011, Accepted December 28, 2011

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