Vol.4 No.2 2011

Round-table talks :Third anniversary of Synthesiology−126−Synthesiology - English edition Vol.4 No.2 (2011) delivered to the sites of production. At the production sites, the pressure of time and cost is extremely high, and many people say, “We don’t need the national standard level precision at the production sites. Give us something that is easy to use, costs less, and can be used quickly, even though the precision is slightly poor”. Therefore, I reviewed my scenario and conducted the desired R&D. The paper was written as a story that followed an actual case.WakitaThe title of my paper is “Creation of seamless geological map of Japan at the scale of 1:200000 and its distribution on the web: for maximum accessibility and utilization of geological information”. Seamless means that there are no joins. The Geological Survey of Japan, AIST created the geological maps for the wealth and military power of the nation in the Meiji period and for the exploration and development of the mineral resources for recovery after the World War II. After that, the objective for geological information research became vague, and geology started to concentrate on, for example, how the Japanese Archipelago was formed or how certain rocks and minerals were created, or the Type 1 Basic Research as stated by AIST. When I joined the institute, I seriously studied how the Japanese Archipelago was formed, and for a long time, I produced the geological maps as a result of that study. As a result, the geological maps of Japan became diverse according to the interests of the researchers in charge. Therefore, after the establishment of AIST, we set up the seamless geological map project where we reconsidered the geological map in terms of being useful to the users, recreated the maps using the latest information under a uniform standard, and the boundaries were joined digitally according to the latest findings. Several years have passed since the maps were completed and utilized, and I wrote in my paper describing the basic principles, the process of creation, and the ripple effects and responses. There is no place to publish a paper on how the database was created or how it was useful to society, and I thought it was an excellent opportunity. A long time ago, this field was a practical science that became pure science, and now it is returning to practical science. I am grateful that I am working in such a time, to be able to publish my work.Dr. Koji WakitaI also realized that difficult research topics and social demands could be solved by clarifying the topics and synthetic elements. I am extremely honored that I was able to publish in Synthesiology through the joint research with corporations. Thank you very much for the opportunity.NakamuraMy paper is “National electrical standards supporting international competition of Japanese manufacturing industries: realization of a new capacitance standard and its traceability system”. For example, the company that makes the scales is responsible for assuring the precision of the “size of an object”. The company regularly checks that their standard is accurate, by bringing the company standard to the calibration laboratory. The calibration lab has its standard calibrated by an authoritative institute, and finally it is traceable to the national standard. As you can see, there is a “national metrology standard” for all physical quantities, and currently, almost all metrology standards are set by AIST, which maintains, manages, and provides them to industry. Therefore, our mission is to set the national metrology standard, to guarantee the correct values for measurements in industry, and thereby supporting the activities of the Japanese manufacturing industries in the international market. The capacitor is one of the major Japanese products, and recently large capacity capacitors are in demand for batteries. The precision level demanded for capacitance standard is increasing. I wrote about how we developed the new capacitance standard that matches the current demand although the national standard for capacitance existed before, and how the new standard was provided to society through the calibration labs.When I am told to “write a scenario”,I must look back on how I arrived here. Since the national standard is a standard of the highest order, it must have the highest precision possible. We always aimed for the world’s best. Yet, by writing this paper and looking at the industrial demands and comparing the standards of other countries, I was able to think in terms of what would be the satisfactory specification that could be achieved in the shortest time and at the most reasonable cost.Another point is whether the provided standard is being Dr. Yasuhiro Nakamura


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