AIST Stories No1
23/36

Impact in the following fields! Community lifeIndustry◦Residential◦‌‌Medical treatment, welfare, care giving◦Safety and security◦Machinery, robotsInto the future AIST!21organization for certification and verification.Establishing a safety certification methodA society where robots can be used with peace-of-mindAIST is promoting a “Personal Care Robots Project” to address these issues. This encompasses R&D centered on safety technology and safety evaluation methods for four types of personal care robot: (1) manipulation-centric mobile task type; (2) movement-centric mobile task type; (3) wearable type; and (4) ride-on type. Needless to say, durability and strength similar to that of industrial robots must be ensured, but particular attention needs to be paid to whether the robot can come to a stop when it collides with a person or object, to what extent it harms people when it does collide; that is the important aspects of robots becoming part of the living space of humans. In addition, it is indispensable to study the effects on robots of strong electromagnetic waves that they may be subjected to. We are checking on safety from these various perspectives, while simultaneously developing risk assessment methods and safety test assessment methods that can be applied to the robot field, and conducting R&D of compatibility assessment methods. Currently, efforts remain focused within Japan, but moving forward, reflection in international standards will be targeted.Reflects Kohtaro Ohba, Deputy Director, Intelligent Systems Research Institute, who is in charge of R&D, “This is the first project globally speaking to develop safety standards for personal care robots. It is not easy work because it is necessary to carry out everything simultaneously, from drawing up international standards to establishing test methods and certification processes.” Safety evaluation on personal care robots developed by various companies and establishing methods for certification will help users in selecting personal care robots and utilizing them with peace of mind. If robots come into widespread usage in households and public facilities and people realize that their lives become more convenient, we can expect the Japanese robot industry to be revitalized. In addition, if Japan’s advanced robot technology can be promoted to the world, progress will also be made in terms of technology exchange with various countries, and this should contribute to industrial development.“Moving forward, it is important to clearly define operating systems such as licensing systems and training systems taking into account the usage of robots in various environments. In the future, establishment of a business model that strives to simultaneously minimize risk and maximize merits will likely be called for. I hope that Japan can quickly establish its own safety culture and form the foundations that will support the coming aging society.”Robot safety tests▲Collision safety test. Verification of safety when a robot collides with a human.◀EMC test. Verification of variations in robot movement when it is irradiated with strong electromagnetic waves in an anechoic chamber that blocks out other electromagnetic signals, as well as measuring the electromagnetic waves generated by the robot itself.Safety testing and certification framework for personal care robotsStandardization proposalorganizationSafety test organizationRobot manufacturersSafety certificationorganizationTest research organizationRobot SafetyCenterSubmissionof test dataTest requestTest resultTest certificationmethod proposalConsultation fortechnology,systems,legal structure,etc.CertificationrequestQualitymanagementsystem and product examination,certificate issuanceCYBERDYNE (Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture) announced on February 27, 2013 that the HAL Robot Suit for welfare applications that it developed had obtained an international standard certification for personal care robots. The certification by the Japan Quality Assurance Organization (JQA) of the safety in welfare applications of the HAL Robot Suit (right photo/the robot is worn to expand, amplify and support bodily functions) was the first such certification worldwide based on the ISO/DIS 13482: 2011 draft international standard that was published in September 2011.Photograph:‌JQASource: NEDO Personal Care Robot Project pamphletImpact in the following fields! Community lifeIndustry◦Residential◦‌‌Medical treatment, welfare, care giving◦Safety and security◦Machinery, robotsInto the future AIST!21organization for certification and verification.Establishing a safety certification methodA society where robots can be used with peace-of-mindAIST is promoting a “Personal Care Robots Project” to address these issues. This encompasses R&D centered on safety technology and safety evaluation methods for four types of personal care robot: (1) manipulation-centric mobile task type; (2) movement-centric mobile task type; (3) wearable type; and (4) ride-on type. Needless to say, durability and strength similar to that of industrial robots must be ensured, but particular attention needs to be paid to whether the robot can come to a stop when it collides with a person or object, to what extent it harms people when it does collide; that is the important aspects of robots becoming part of the living space of humans. In addition, it is indispensable to study the effects on robots of strong electromagnetic waves that they may be subjected to. We are checking on safety from these various perspectives, while simultaneously developing risk assessment methods and safety test assessment methods that can be applied to the robot field, and conducting R&D of compatibility assessment methods. Currently, efforts remain focused within Japan, but moving forward, reflection in international standards will be targeted.Reflects Kohtaro Ohba, Deputy Director, Intelligent Systems Research Institute, who is in charge of R&D, “This is the first project globally speaking to develop safety standards for personal care robots. It is not easy work because it is necessary to carry out everything simultaneously, from drawing up international standards to establishing test methods and certification processes.” Safety evaluation on personal care robots developed by various companies and establishing methods for certification will help users in selecting personal care robots and utilizing them with peace of mind. If robots come into widespread usage in households and public facilities and people realize that their lives become more convenient, we can expect the Japanese robot industry to be revitalized. In addition, if Japan’s advanced robot technology can be promoted to the world, progress will also be made in terms of technology exchange with various countries, and this should contribute to industrial development.“Moving forward, it is important to clearly define operating systems such as licensing systems and training systems taking into account the usage of robots in various environments. In the future, establishment of a business model that strives to simultaneously minimize risk and maximize merits will likely be called for. I hope that Japan can quickly establish its own safety culture and form the foundations that will support the coming aging society.”Robot safety tests▲Collision safety test. Verification of safety when a robot collides with a human.◀EMC test. Verification of variations in robot movement when it is irradiated with strong electromagnetic waves in an anechoic chamber that blocks out other electromagnetic signals, as well as measuring the electromagnetic waves generated by the robot itself.Safety testing and certification framework for personal care robotsStandardization proposalorganizationSafety test organizationRobot manufacturersSafety certificationorganizationTest research organizationRobot SafetyCenterSubmissionof test dataTest requestTest resultTest certificationmethod proposalConsultation fortechnology,systems,legal structure,etc.CertificationrequestQualitymanagementsystem and product examination,certificate issuanceCYBERDYNE (Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Prefecture) announced on February 27, 2013 that the HAL Robot Suit for welfare applications that it developed had obtained an international standard certification for personal care robots. The certification by the Japan Quality Assurance Organization (JQA) of the safety in welfare applications of the HAL Robot Suit (right photo/the robot is worn to expand, amplify and support bodily functions) was the first such certification worldwide based on the ISO/DIS 13482: 2011 draft international standard that was published in September 2011.Photograph:‌JQASource: NEDO Personal Care Robot Project pamphlet

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