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2010 AIST TODAY Full list of the contents

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  • 2010-No.35[PDF:3.8MB]
    • Message:President's Message: Thoughts for the New Year
    • Feature:Rare Metals 2
    • Trends in Rare Metal Issues and Efforts of the Rare Metal Task Force
    • Exploration of Rare Metal Resources
    • Types and Characteristics of Rare Earth Deposits
    • Reduction of Platinum Usage by a Core-Shell Structure
    • Development of Iron-based Thermoelectric Material as an Alternative to Bismuth Telluride Alloy
    • Development of Highly Effective Extractant for Platinum Group Metals
    • Universal quenching probe system: flexible, specific, and cost-effective real-time polymerase chain reaction method
         - Application expected to quantitative detection of viruses -
    • Discovery of early rising effect of a ketogenic diet on mice
         - A low-carbohydrate diet affects the circadian clock -
    • An invisible-light-entrainment mechanism of the Drosophila circadian rhythm
         - Re-entrainment of Drosophila rhodopsin mutants to red-LED light -
    • Multimedia content retrieval using automatic speech recognition
         - Sub-word based realization of speech search without any restriction of vocabulary, grammar, or language -
    • Imaging of single calcium atoms using electron energy-loss spectroscopy
         - Low voltage microscope enables structure analysis without destruction -
    • Successful formation of fine and high aspect ratio patterning with laser assisted ink-jet printing
         - Industrial ink-jet printing for low resistance wiring on various kinds of substrates -
    • Electrical measuring method for quantum states
        - Applications in quantum information processing are expected -
    • Development of cobalt-free oxide positive electrode material for lithium-ion batteries
         - Realization of high discharge voltage close to that of existing positive electrode material -
    • A black coating developed using structured carbon nanotubes
         - An excellent light absorber and thermal radiator like a black body -
    • Simultaneous emission of infrared free electron laser light and a quasi-monochromatic X-ray beam
         - Development of a two-color light source of infrared light and X-ray with variable energy -
    • High-precision frequency measurement using an optical fiber link
         - Remote absolute frequency measurement of a strontium optical lattice clock -
    • Precise characterization of nanomaterials by pulsed field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance method
         - Accurate size determination and observation of diffusion phenomena of nanomaterials in solution -
    • President Nomakuchi's Visit to the Republic of South Africa
         - Workshop Held by four Research Organizations -
    • Thai Minister of Science and Technology Visits AIST Tsukuba
         - Ceremony for the Renewal of Comprehensive Memorandum of Understanding -
    • Third Workshop between AIST and Department of Biotechnology of India
  • 2010-2 No.36[PDF:3.3MB]
    • Message:President's Message AIST as a Driving Force of a New Era
         - The Third Term of AIST begin -
    • Feature:Global Trends in Green Information Technology, the Significance of Our Commitment, and Interdisciplinary and Domestic/International Collaboration
    • AIST's R&D Activities for Energy-Efficient and Green IT
    • Power Consumption Visualization Technologies
    • Optical Network-based Technology to Reduce Power Consumption
    • Optical Interconnection
    • Improvement in Energy Efficiency of Computers – Non-volatile Memories –
    • Improvement in Energy Efficiency of IT Equipment
    • Improvement of Energy Efficiency of Power Supplies and Air Conditioning in Data Centers
    • Improvement of Energy Efficiency in Cloud Computing Power Monitoring through kHz Band PLC
    • Glycobiomarker test can evaluate progression of liver fibrosis by chronic hepatitis
         - A paradigm shift by development of glycobiomarkers on problem-oriented medical diagnosis -
    • Development of a far-red luminescence imaging technology
         - Imaging technology of a cancer cell based on chemical reactions in Cypridina bioluminescence -
    • Development of an objective examination for olfactory malfunction
         - Possibility of early identification of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease -
    • Standard evaluation circuit board for cryptographic modules
         - For enhancement of hardware security and establishment of international standards -
    • An assistant robot "TAIZO" for rehabilitation exercises for seniors
         - To increase the motivation of the elderly for the exercises -
    • Robotic Arm for Persons with Upper-limb DisAbilities (RAPUDA)
         - A safe and cost-effective measure for improving the quality of life -
    • QuakeMap: a wide-ranging map showing the detailed strong ground motion
         - A wide range of information from several institutions is integrated and provided to users -
    • Development of a health monitoring system for chickens by using wireless sensors
         - Anticipated application for the early detection of avian influenza outbreaks in poultry farms -
    • A technique for evaluation of long-term stability of thermocouples at high temperatures above 1000 °C
         - Development of cobalt-carbon eutectic point for thermocouple calibration -
    • Development of a hybrid preconcentration technique
         - For the highly-efficient preconcentration and highly-sensitive determination of ultra-trace heavy metals -
    • Disclosing the software system 'GERAS-3' for risk assessment of soil contamination
         - Free distribution of the developed system expecting wider utilization for environmental risk governance in companies and municipalities -
    • Sixth Biomass-Asia Workshop
    • Regional Implementation Meeting for Asia and the Pacific ahead of the Eighteenth Session of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development
  • 2010-3 No.37[PDF:4.5MB]
    • Message:President's Message
         - Enhancing hub functions for open innovation -
    • Feature:Bioinformatics
        Toward the establishment of Japanese leadership in genome information analysis and utilization technologies
    • Bioinformatics opening the door to life innovation Expectations for bioinformatics research in AIST
    • What is bioinformatics?
    • Functional RNA database
    • Construction of infrastructure technologies for bioinformatics information
    • Toward the construction of strategic databases in the life science field
    • Bioinformatics Training Consortium
    • Computational drug discovery based on protein 3D structures
    • High-accuracy network analysis by systems biology approach
    • Large-scale comprehensive comparison of known and potential ligand-binding sites
    • High-speed switching of high-voltage, high-power converter achieved by using SiC diodes
         - Size reduction of large-scale power converter systems in social infrastructure - 
    • Structure and conduction mechanism of lithium ion in ionic liquid
         - Design of electrolyte materials for lithium secondary batteries with high charge rate - 
    • A novel easy-to-recycle Li-Cu secondary battery
         - A large-capacity and low-cost rechargeable battery with metallic electrodes - 
    • The driving force to generate new neurons in adult mammalian brain
         - Regulatory cues on both coding and non-coding genomic regions to promote adult neuron production and the diversity - 
    • Development of an array analysis system that assesses optimum ligands rapidly
         - The system is readily applicable to the purification of various antibody drugs - 
    • Singing synthesis technology by mimicking user's singing
         - VocaListener: Synthesis of more natural singing by mimicking pitch and dynamics of a user's singing voice - 
    • Hydrophilic plastic film with nanostructured surface made by nano-imprinting process
         - The use of nanostructured dies realizes improved light transmission and wettability of transparent panels - 
    • Development of low operating temperature SOFCs using a zirconia-based electrolyte
         - Achieved 1 W/cm2 at the operating temperature as low as 600 °C - 
    • Development of a stabilized laser source with a sub-Hertz linewidth
         - Towards an ideal oscillator for the steady "ticks" - 
    • A technique for quantitative measurement of acoustic cavitation generated by high pressure ultrasound
         - Measurement technology of generated acoustic cavitation for development of ultrasound medicine -
    • Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council of Russia Visits AIST Tsukuba
    • Secretary of State for the Development of the Capital Region of France Visits AIST Tsukuba
  • 2010-4 No.38[PDF:4.5MB]
    • The World of Metrology is Expanding
         - The 10-year historical locus of the National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) -
    • Preface - Innovation and Metrology -
    • National Measurement Standards Establishment Plan - Milestone in 2010 -
    • Cooperation and Competition Following International Mutual Recognition - The World after the Conclusion of CIPM-MRA -
    • Traceability and the JCSS System - The Spread of Measurement Literacy and the Expansion of Calibration Laboratories -
    • A Bottom-up Approach for Dissemination and Enlightenment – The NMIJ Metrology Club
    • Measurement Standards in Society
         - Secure/safe social infrastructure -
         - Measurement Standards for supporting daily life -
         - Measurement Standards support industrial technology -
         - Next-generation's measurement standards /calibration system -
    • The National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) in the 3rd Term
         - Expectation for the National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ) -
    • A new type of Li-metal air fuel cell
         - Large capacity and low cost lithium air fuel cell using corrosion phenomenon - 
    • Look up, and you will find the way from the sky
         - Remote synchronization system loaded on the first quasi-zenith satellite "MICHIBIKI" - 
    • Tumor growth suppression activity by circadian clock molecule
         - Novel function of circadian clock gene, Period2
    • Mask pattern optimization technology that extends life of current optical lithography
         - Improving the accuracy of lithography for LSI by approximately 20 % - 
    • Visualization of chemical reactions at atomic level
         - High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals the mechanism of chemical reactions between two fullerene molecules - 
    • Development of new rolling technology for commercial magnesium alloy sheet
         - Start of sample shipments for wide-width commercial magnesium alloy sheet with high room temperature formability - 
    • Simple method for high-purity separation of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes
         - An automated, continuous, and repeatable process would realize cost-efficient separation - 
    • Monitoring system for safety management of structures using elastico-luminescent materials
         - Real-time visualization of the shape distribution and propagation of cracks using elastico-luminescent sensors - 
    • Precise distribution system for frequency standard through optical fiber
         - Expectation for application to many areas as calibration, measurement, particle physics, and radio astronomy -
    • Quantitative measurement of unsteady gas flow rate
         - Towards the sophisticated measurements of exhaust gas and medical application - 
    • Development of high performance concentric nebulizer for plasma spectrometry
         - Semi-demountable triple tube concentric nebulizer - 
    • Precise morphology measurement of nanostructures
         - Reference material for atomic force microscope (AFM) and precise morphometry -
    • President Nomakuchi talks at IASP 2010 Daedeok
    • MOU Concluded with CEA-DRT, France at INC6 in Grenoble
    • U.S.-Japan Workshop on Basic Science Project Development

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