The AIST, Keio University and Burton Inc., in cooperation, have succeeded in a spatial display of "real 3D images" consisting of dot arrays using a device which is made by additionally incorporating a linear motor system and a high-quality and -brightness infrared pulse laser into the 2D display device mentioned above.
The linear motor system enables the position of the laser focal point to be varied by high-speed scanning of a lens set on the motor orbit. Incorporation of this system makes the image scanning in the direction of the z-axis possible. For scanning in the x and y axis directions, conventional galvanometric mirrors are used.
The laser light source we used in this work is a high-quality and highbrightness infrared pulsed laser (repetition frequency of pulse: approximately 100 Hz), by which plasma production can be more precisely controlled, enabling brighter and higher contrast image drawing. In addition, the distance between the device and drawing points can be greatly extended (several meters).
The emission time of the laser pulse light is on the order of a nano-second (10-9 sec). Our device uses 1 pulse for each dot to that the human eye can recognize plasma emission by utilizing the after-image effect, and enables a 100 dot/sec display.
By synchronizing these pulses and controlling them with software, our device can draw any 3D objects in air.
Various pictures of 2D and 3D objects displayed using our device are shown below.