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2014 AIST TODAY Full list of the contents

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  • 2014-No.51
    • Message:President's Message
      Thoughts for the New Year – Toward a Re-establishment of AIST
    • Feature:International Strategy Utilizing the Global Network
    • Joint R&D with Corporations Using the Overseas Network
    • Joint Research and Development with Overseas Institutes for Scientific and Technological Development
    • International Cooperation in International Standardization
    • International Cooperation for Contribution to Government Missions
    • International Cooperation through the Establishment of TIA-nano - the International Research Base
    • Efficient synthesis of pharmaceutical intermediates by using carbon dioxide
      - Expectation for eco-friendly manufacturing methods of chemicals -
    • Suppression of potential-induced degradation in crystalline Si photovoltaic modules
      - Introduction of a TiO2-based thin film by coating on the glass substrate -
    • High-purity, chloride-free epoxy resin
      - Applicable to conductive adhesive achieving super high performance -
    • Auditory orientation training system for the people with visual impairment
      - Orientation and mobility training using sounds as clues can be performed with a laptop PC -
    • Elucidation of brain mechanisms underlying sensory awareness
      - Neural activities for "I've got it" in the pulvinar -
    • Complex endosymbiotic system of mealybugs
      - Impact on biological concepts such as genome, cell and individual -
    • Anti-inflammatory mechanisms characteristic of lactic acid bacteria
      - Double-stranded RNA in LAB triggers production of protective interferon-β -
    • Polycrystalline germanium junctionless FET for stacking CMOS
      - Practical transfer characteristics have been obtained. -
    • High-access survey robot
      - Working at TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station -
    • Energy efficient switchable sheet with seasonal shading effect
      - The sheet automatically blocks sunlight in summer although it is always transparent to viewers inside. -
    • Impact of CO2 geological storage on microbial ecosystems in deep subsurface
      - Progress toward implementation of CO2 geological storage -
    • Establishment of DBT-AIST International Laboratory for Advanced Biomedicine
    • AIST Receives Visit by French Minister for Higher Education and Research
  • 2014-No.52
    • Message:President's Message
      Living Up to Expectations for Scientific and Technological Innovation
    • Feature:Can Geothermal Energy and Ground Source Heat Utilization Provide the Answer to Our Energy Crisis?
    • Using the Earth’s Heat Skillfully
    • Map of Geothermal Resources Assessment
    • Geothermal Energy Development in Harmony with Hot Springs
    • The State of Hot Springs Binary Cycle Power Generation
    • Geothermal Scale
    • Geothermal Energy Development and Microearthquakes
    • Creating Maps of Ground Source Heat Utilization Potential
    • Ground Source Heat Utilization System of the Geological Museum
    • Ground Source Heat Utilization in East Asia and Southeast Asia
    • Activities at the Fukushima Renewable Energy Institute
    • Efficient production of high-performance surfactants from non-edible biomass
      - Production cost reduction of biomass-based chemicals, avoiding competition with food production -
    • Low Vf and highly reliable 16 kV ultrahigh voltage SiC flip-type n-channel implantation and epitaxial IGBT
      - Effective use of electricity, promotion of saving energy -
    • Database of sensory characteristics of older persons and persons with disabilities
      - Graphical presentation of the data according to search criteria entered -
    • Novel statistical methods for discovery from big data
      - Wide applicability in all experimental life sciences -
    • Lifetime elongation of cells by fish antifreeze protein
      - Insulinoma cells can live for 5 days at 4 °C -
    • Software development kit ‘SCCToolKit’ for medical applications
      - For quick transition of IT seeds to clinical applications -
    • Highly-efficient voltage control of magnetic anisotropy
      - Development of a fundamental technology for voltage-driven spintronic devices -
    • Simulation technology for microdroplet shapes on substrates
      - Rapid, precise, and easy simulation of microdroplet shapes on hydrophilic/hydrophobic patterned surfaces -
    • Drastic improvement in thermal stability of transparent oil-repellent coating
      - Surface treatment without the use of fluorinated organic compounds -
    • Die molded rubber with nanometer-level precision
      - Arbitrary shapes can be formed on rubber surfaces through the addition of carbon nanotubes -
    • Surface smoothing process for room temperature wafer bonding
      - Reduction of local strain at the bonded interface -
    • Unraveling a key of high-performance of diamond devices
      - An important role of atomic-scale structure at diamond surfaces -
    • Workshop with Australia’s CSIRO on Innovation Promotion
    • AIST Innovation Workshop in Indonesia
  • 2014-No.53
    • Feature:The 9th AIST Advisory Board Meeting
    • Feature:Recent Progress of Advanced Processing Technology
    • A Trailblazer in the Manufacturing Industries
    • Recent Trends in the Manufacturing Industry
    • Use of 3D Printers in Casting Technology
    • Production of New Components by Metal Additive Manufacturing Technology
    • New Horizons of Manufacturing Technology Opened Up by 3D Printers
    • Control of Wettability of Plastic Surfaces by Uneven Nanostructure and Its Application to Disposable Items
    • Friction Reduction by a Nanostripe Structure
    • Development of Laser Processing Technology and Equipment for Capillary Tubes for Expected Application to Medicine
    • Long, Thin-Wall Capillary Tube Fabrication Technology for Biodegradable Magnesium Alloy Stents
    • Artificially designed and created luciferase
      - Approximately 100 times brighter than existing world-bests -
    • Powder raw material for SiC bulk single crystal growth developed to realize high sublimation rate
      - Possible to significantly improve the growth rate to about twice the current rate -
    • Simple and accurate liver fibrosis measurement system with a glyco-diagnostic agent
      - Evaluating the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B/C using a fully automated immunochemistry analyzer. -
    • Development of high-density capacitor embedded interposer
      - It contributes to realizing miniaturization and reducing power consumption of a high performance electronic information device. -
    • Development of highly sensitive spin torque diode
      - Accelerating the applications of spintronics devices to IC tags or car radars -
    • A microfluidic channel for detection of low-concentration biological substances
      - Simple mechanism and easy operation realized by integrating a microfluidic channel and optical systems -
    • Universal medium-range order of amorphous metal oxides
      - Expected contribution to the rational design of insulation films, transparent electrodes, etc. -
    • Film type dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) fabricated at room temperature
      - The energy conversion efficiency of 8 % was achieved on film type DSC. -
    • Demonstration of the effective decontamination technique for radioactive cesium
      - Extraction of 60-90 % of radioactive cesium from ash, and immobilization by an adsorbent -
    • Mass production technology for single-wall carbon nanotubes
      - Returns the fruits of AIST's research in nanotechnology to society -
    • New X-ray non-destructive inspection for industry
      - Investigation for effectiveness of X-ray Talbot interferometry -
    • India-Japan Business Forum Science and Technology Seminar
    • Visit by Her Highness Sheikha Moza bint Nasser of the Qatar Foundation
  • 2014-No.54
    • Feature:Assessment Technologies for the Safe and Sustainable Society
    • The Research Endeavors of the Research Institute of Science for Safety and Sustainability
    • Supporting the Safety Management of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs)
    • Research on the Risk Management of Radioactive Substances in Fukushima
      - From evaluation of the effectiveness and cost of decontamination to assessment of external doses -
    • Development of a Tool to Assess Exposure to Chemical Substances Released by Consumer Products
    • Risk Trade-off Assessment of Flame Retardants and Metals
    • Thermal Analysis of Explosive Silver Compounds
    • Research on an Explosion Blast Reduction Technology
      - Enhancing the safety of explosives storage facilities -
    • Fire and Explosion Risk Assessment of Various Gases and Research on Their Safe Use
    • Sustainability Assessment of Biomass Energy Utilization
    • Water Footprint
      - Visualization of the hidden environmental impacts of water use -
    • Discovery of gene that causes asthenozoospermia
      - A technology expected to assist selection of appropriate infertility treatment in the near future -
    • Testing the safety of transplanting cells using cell culture supernatants
      - Improve the safety of regenerative medicine -
    • Development of high-performance lead-free piezoelectric ceramic
      - A step toward the practical use of lead-free piezoelectric sensors -
    • Development of highly stable spin torque oscillators
      - Nanometer-scale microwave generator capable of implementing in LSI or wireless communication device -
    • Micro-patternable CNT-Cu composite material
      - High current density tolerance of such CNT-Cu composite wiring, enabling applications in microelectronics -
    • Selective synthesis of semiconductor-type single-walled carbon nanotubes
      - High selectivity (98 %) achieved -
    • 200 mm wafer process for piezoelectric MEMS devicess
      - Practical level piezoelectric constant (-d31>105 pm/V) achieved by pulse poling -
    • Development of quick and precise measurement technique for evaluation of fracture resistance of ceramics
      - Reproducible crack length measurement for the indentation fracture method by visualizing the tips of the cracks -
    • Development of ultra-compact fluorescence detection module for microfluidic biochemical diagnosis
      - Key technology enabling rapid near patient diagnosis at home or bedside -
    • Fundamental measurement technology to support quantum communication and precise optical measurement
      - Direct observation of ultra-broadband squeezed light with photon number resolving detector -
    • Rapid extraction of radiocesium dissolved in water
      - Nonwoven fabric cartridge filters impregnated with potassium zinc ferrocyanide -
    • Participation in the Innovation, Science and Technology Cooperation between ASEAN-Japan Workshop
    • Visit by Asia’s Highly Talented Young Persons under the SAKURA Exchange Program in Science

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