From an historical perspective, new scientific and technical disciplines and new industries have often appeared after the invention of novel measurement instruments. For instance, the invention of the scanning tunnel microscope created the modern discipline of nanotechnology. It is said that instrumental observation is the origin of science and technology. Although science and technology are indispensable for our present way of life, we should also be aware of their power for harm. The survival or destruction of the human race depends on how we create and control industries. As such, observation only is insufficient. We have to analyze measurement results, find ways to solve each problem, and explain the findings in a meaningful way. In other words, analytical results should be extracted from measurements. We carry out five
strategic action plans by expanding three analytical instrumental frontiers as shown on the right-hand side.